Pipes and Piping Systems Optimisation

Start Date: 2 Sep 2018
End Date: 6 Sep 2018
Duration: 5
Country: Sharm Alshaikh / Egypt
Category: Petroleum and Oil Programs

The Course

The present state of the art design of piping systems is based on the close interaction and collaboration between system designers and operators. The operatorís experience with running complex piping systems for long periods is an important factor in improving the design. The most delicate design problems are encountered during the expansion of systems, when they are made larger or more complex. For a piping system to operate in a problem-free manner, the design and installation of a piping system requires attention to multiple factors. During the past few decades, pipeline systems and technologies have been progressing at a fast pace in all aspects of the design, operation, and automatic control. The systems have grown in size and intricacy, and todayís trends in the industry are aimed at enlarging the flow rates, pipe diameters and working pressures for a wide variety of fluids to be handled, including very complex and difficult ones. All of these factors impose strong requirements on careful design, precise operation and complex control

Pipeline operation engineers and managers have to be sufficiently familiar with the details of fluid flow in piping systems as well as with modern technologies, in order to make informed decisions on various technical aspects of the designed system and its future operation. There is a need for detailed monitoring of everyday operation, as well as computer-based centralized automatic control of operation of large systems. At the same time, environmental concerns and safety issues require highly sophisticated monitoring and control systems.

Highlights of the course are:

         This course will present the most updated approach to the design, implementation, operation and maintenance of piping systems and pipelines

         The course will enable better understanding of principles that are the basis for proper selection and sizing of the pipes and piping systems and the corresponding accessories

         Fluid movers: pumps and compressors will be explained in detail, with important aspects of their interaction with the piping systems

         The transport of complex fluids will be discussed, as well as piping systems of complex geometry (pipe branching piping network, transients in operation, etc.)

         The system for monitoring and automation control will be discussed

The Goals

This course will enable the participants to achieve the following:

         Appreciation of technical characteristics of piping systems, their applications in process and chemical industry

         Knowledge of methods of hydraulic and mechanical design of piping systems according to existing world standards and codes

         Procedures for the selection of best piping systems based on the optimization technique, resulting in pipe diameter and cost of material

         Use of methods of diagnosing and estimating the degree of deterioration of pipelines

         Guidelines for improving efficiency of the overall piping system

The Delegates

         Mechanical, Process, Chemical and Environmental Engineers from chemical and process industries, power generation, environmental engineering, oil and gas exploitation and transport industry

         Piping and pipeline design and analysis engineers as well as project engineers and piping contractors

         Professionals involved in control, operation and monitoring of these systems

         Technical service and maintenance professionals in industrial plants as well as those working on pipeline control stations

         Consultants, technical and sales professional on assignment of planning and building new piping systems

The Process

The course is an assortment of lectures, discussions and workshops with active delegate participation and team work. The focus will be on physical principles and technical reasoning with their justification and clarification. There will be comprehensive workshops with the real-life cases, and calculation procedures with results discussed. A daily dialogue will be held with participants with the goal of reviewing key learnings gained and inspiring delegates to exchange views from professional experiences.

The Benefits

This course will benefit the delegates through:

         Greater knowledge of methods used to assess and calculate the main design parameters of a system for the transport of the given fluid for the given application

         Improved familiarity with all aspects of the piping systems encountered in everyday industrial practices

         Clear understanding of guidelines for selection and sizing the piping systems

         Knowledge on how to cope with modern trends in pipeline industry regarding ever-increasing demands for larger capacities and more efficient operation

         Readiness to implement the best practices for efficient operation, improved reliability, maintenance and problem troubleshooting

The Results

The course will benefit the company through:

         Efficiently operated piping system and pipelines by skilled personnel will result in energy saving and in the reduction of overall costs of the plant operation

         Performance of the company in the long run will be improved by an adequate selection and sizing of piping systems that have the best overall efficiency

         Personnel in the maintenance department will be able to follow the best practices for inspection, maintenance, repair and alteration

         Problem-free operation of piping system will result in reduction of downtime for repairs and alterations and reduce the operation costs in the technological process

         Well maintained piping systems will prolong the life of the plant and significantly reduce overall costs and in the same time lower the risks and impact on the environmental

The Programme Content


Day One

Overview of Piping Systems

         Main features of various types of piping systems

         Classification of piping systems based on the design and application

         World standards and codes on design properties of pipes

         Main steps in design and construction of piping systems

         Physical and transport properties of fluids: density, viscosity, particle contents

         Basics of flow analysis in pipes - laminar and turbulent flow regimes

Day Two

Calculation of Pressure and Velocity Distribution in Piping Systems

         Calculation of pressure losses and horsepower required for fluid transportation

         Selection and sizing of pipes for different applications: liquids, gases, slurries, etc.

         Calculation of minor losses in piping system

         Basics of mechanical design: selection of pressure class of pipe and stress ratios

         Hydrostatic testing: allowable operating pressure and hydrostatic test pressure

         Pipe construction: pipes above-ground and pipes buried

Day Three

Pumps and Compressors Used in Pipelines

         Pump interaction with the system, cavitations: work in series and parallel

         Multi-pump stations and tanks

         Pump calculation and selection

         Compressor interaction with the system, avoiding surge, stall and choking

         Multi-compressor stations and gas holders

         Compressor calculation and selection

         Pipe networks and pipe branching: problems with transients and their control

Day Four

Control Valves in Pipelines

         Control valves: selection, sizing and cavitation issues

         Flow measurements and monitoring instrumentation

         Pipeline system automation control

         Guidelines for pipeline installation, operation and maintenance

         Inspection, examination and testing of pipelines

         Vibration of pipes and pipelines and their mechanical support and anchorage

Day Five

Operation and Maintenance of Piping Systems

         Leak detection and prevention and failure risk analysis

         Pipeline protection for prevention of corrosion and erosion

         Environmental concerns: impact of above-ground and buried pipelines

         Off-shore pipelines: design and operation

         Special consideration for safety and supervision

         Pipeline feasibility study and economic analysis: capital and operation costs

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